Book Studies

Free Nature Studies: Bees and Flowers (Pollination)

Free Nature Studies: Bees and Flowers (Pollination)

 

“Bees and Flowers”

This lesson covers pollination.  For more on bees, you can refer back to the honey bee lesson.

 

Suggestions
  • Review the parts of a flower.
  • Read about cross-pollination at the University of the Western Cape and understand how it differs from self-pollination by. Create a compare/contrast chart showing the similarities and differences.
  • Add the flowers mentioned to your plant notebook: iris, mountain laurel, primrose, columbine, and yucca.
  • Study the parts of an iris flower at BackyardNature.net.
  • View a mountain laurel at Microscopy-UK.org.uk and point out the different parts of the flower referred to in the lesson.
  • Research the anatomy of a primrose at BackyardNature.net.
  • You can see an evening primrose open in the video below.
  • Research the anatomy of a columbine at BackyardNature.net.
  • You can read about the yucca and the yucca moth at the U.S. Forest Service site.
  • Include pollinators on your list of wildflowers.
  • Something to do #1: Read how corn is pollinated at BackyardNature.net.
  • Something to do #2: Read about the sugar maple at Cornell. Scroll down to find out the identity of the “helper” in the “Life History” section.
  • Something to do #3: You’ll find out how honeysuckles are fertilized by reading the last paragraph on Plants and Animals: Partners in Pollination at Smithsonian Education.
  • Something to do #4: You can read about the “fertilization plan” of red clover at the PlantGuide.org.
  • Something to do #5: Younger students might want to use the verse to make this Bible verse bookmark at ChristianCrafts.net. Older students can look up cross references to these verses, and also find Bible verses that talk about using our gifts and talents for the edification of others.
  • Copy and memorize 1 Thessalonians 4:11 or 1 Corinthians 10:24.
  • Memorize and recite “Pedigree” by Emily Dickinson or “Two Taverns” by Markham.
  • More about flowers from the Book of Knowledge:

    Now suppose we have a flower in the garden, with its anthers covered with pollen grains. Let us see what happens. Before seeds can be formed pollination must occur. Pollination is the transfer of pollen from an anther (where it is produced) to the stigma of a pistil. We speak of self-pollination when pollen is carried from the anther to the stigma of the same flower. In cross-pollination the pollen must be carried from one flower to another….

    Cross-pollination seems to be better for most plants. Certainly, some plants have extraordinary arrangements for bringing about cross-pollination. Some have built up partnerships with certain insects where plant and insect are completely dependent upon each other — co-operation in nature.

    Many flowers that are pollinated by insects have special glands, the nectaries, which secrete a sweet liquid, the nectar. Insects are very fond of it and the honey that bees produce is made from it.

    As the insect crowds into the corolla to reach the nectaries, it brushes against the anthers and the stigmas. As it brushes against the anther of one flower, pollen is rubbed off on the bee’s body. Some of this will later be brushed off upon the stigma of another flower visited by the bee. Thus cross-pollination occurs as the insect passes from one flower to another.

    “The Structure of Seed Plants: Flowers, the Seed Producers,” The Book of Knowledge

  • Plants
    Ready to go outdoors? The Handbook of Nature Study covers plants beginning on page 453, and continuing through page 731. The beginning pages cover how to begin the study of plants and their flowers, and then follow guidelines for investigating specific wildflowers, weeds, garden flowers, cultivated crop plants, trees, and flowerless plants.

 

Further Investigation

Putting Pollen Where It Is Needed
Very helpful information at BackyardNature.net covering pollinators, pollination, fertilization, and what to look for when determining who or what is pollinating a blossom.

Pollination
Animated illustration of cross-pollination at the University of the Western Cape.

Pollinator Syndromes
Chart at Pollinator.org showing the flower characteristics that appeal to a particular pollinator.

Angiosperm Pollination Syndromes
Close-up views of flowers and their “fertilization plan” at Vanderbuilt University.

Pollination in the Vegetable Garden
Helpful and interesting information on the pollination of vegetables — including corn at Mississippi State University.

Flower Anatomy
Illustrated diagram for review from EnchantedLearning.com.

Evening Primrose Opening
This is real time, not time lapse.

 

Activities

Pollinator Activity Book
8-page download at Pollinator.org with information and activities from the USDA.

Extinct! Are You Smarter Than A Plant?
Fun interactive at the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council that shows the complexity of plant life.

Consider the Lilies of the Field
Coloring sheet at Sermons4Kids.com to go with the last paragraph of the lesson.

 

Books

The First Book of Bees by Albert B. Tibbets
Great introductory book about bees in the public domain.

The Behavior of the Honey Bee in Pollen Collection by D.B. Casteel
This public domain work is easy to understand, fascinating and nicely illustrated. Scientific slant for the older student.

Free Nature Studies: How Plants GrowThe World of Plants by Dinah Zike
Dinah Zike was known for her foldables before lapbooks became popular. In this book she incorporates that learning tool with learning about plants. Includes 24 complete lessons including templates, activities, the scientific method and suggestions for further activities and research. You’ll find the table of contents and an example lesson at the publisher’s website. Lessons on angiosperms and pollination are included.

 

Unit Studies & Lesson Plans

Partners in Pollination
Lesson plan from the Smithsonian with three lessons covering how pollination works, how pollination affects the food supply, and how plants attract the correct pollinator. There are two wonderful printables — flower and bee anatomy diagrams — that are perfect for a notebook!

Free Nature Studies: The Honey Bee
You’ll find more helps in this previous lesson, if you haven’t already enjoyed it.

 

Printables & Notebooking Pages

The Honey Files: A Bee’s Life
This free 98-page download at the Utah State Library contains a wealth of information and notebooking resources. Pages 34-43 cover pollination including flower labeling sheet and several activities.

Pollinator Hunt
Nature journal page from Ranger Rick.

Busy Blossoms
Simpler nature journal page than the one above from Ranger Rick.

Nature Journal Notebooking Sets {Free Download}Nature Journal Notebooking Sets {Free Download}
Free blank nature journal sets for drawing, illustrating, copying, or narrating.

Bees & Flowers (Pollination) Notebooking Pages
Simple pages to go with the lesson for copywork, narrations, and wrapping up.

 

Enjoy the complete series:

Free Nature Studies: Our Wonderful World